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Canada’s annual inflation rate slowed in December but grocery prices stayed high

January 17, 2023  By Nojoud Al Mallees, The Canadian Press

OTTAWA — Canada’s annual inflation rate slowed to 6.3 per cent in December as the cost of groceries remained high and gas prices cooled.

In its latest consumer price index released Tuesday, Statistics Canada said Canadians continued to see prices soar at grocery stores last month compared with a year ago.

Grocery prices were up 11 per cent on an annual basis, a slight improvement from 11.4 per cent in November, the federal agency said.

The country’s annual inflation rate peaked in the summer at 8.1 per cent and has been slowly decelerating since. In November, the annual inflation rate was 6.8 per cent.


Meanwhile, Canadians saw some relief at the pump last month, paying 13.1 per cent less compared with November. Statistics Canada said the price of crude oil dropped amid concerns of a slowing global economy.

December’s deceleration was also offset by increases in mortgage interest costs, clothing and footwear, and personal care supplies and equipment.

Excluding food and energy, prices rose 5.3 per cent in December on an annual basis.

In a client note, BMO managing director of Canadian rates and macro strategist Benjamin Reitzes said though headline inflation eased, there was little improvement in core inflation.

“While the direction of inflation is at least mildly encouraging, there’s nothing in this report to keep the Bank of Canada from hiking rates another 25 (basis points) at next week’s policy meeting,” Reitzes said.

The Bank of Canada will be paying close attention to this latest inflation report as it gears up for its next interest rate decision on Jan. 25.

In addition to headline inflation, the central bank will also be looking at its preferred measures of inflation, which edged down slightly last month.

The latest consumer price index provides the final data points for inflation in 2022. Statistics Canada said the average inflation rate for 2022 was 6.8 per cent, a 40-year high.

The average inflation rate was 3.4 per cent in 2021.

Rising energy prices contributed significantly to high inflation last year as consumers paid 28.5 per cent more for gasoline in 2022 on an average annual basis.

Though much of high inflation has been driven by energy prices, the Canadian economy saw a broadening of inflation pressures in 2022.

Grocery prices were up 9.8 per cent, marking the fastest pace since 1981.

The federal agency said prices for durable goods were up 6.2 per cent while prices for services rose five per cent.

News from © Canadian Press Enterprises Inc., 2021


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